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Primary School vs Secondary School: What’s the Differences



Both parents and children find the move from elementary to secondary school to be both thrilling and intimidating. Children encounter the novel opportunities and challenges of secondary school when they depart from the comfortable setting of elementary school. A seamless transition requires an understanding of the main distinctions between primary school vs secondary school.

In primary school, children engage with basic subjects and enjoy a supportive evaluation system focused on encouragement and growth. However, secondary school introduces more rigorous assessments, daily grading, and frequent exams. This shift in learning and teaching methods can be overwhelming if not well understood.

This article will explore the differences between primary school vs secondary school, helping parents and children prepare for this significant change.

What is Primary School?

Primary school, or elementary school, is the first formal education stage for children, typically from ages 6 to 11. It occurs prior to secondary school and following preschool. In most countries, primary education is compulsory and usually free, though private schools may charge fees.

Children are introduced to the regimented realm of education during this stage. Less pupils allows teachers to provide more individualized attention to each student. In addition to social studies, physical education (PE), and the arts, children are taught fundamental subjects such as science, arithmetic, and English.

Children’s thoughts are greatly influenced by the teachers in elementary schools. They support pupils in adjusting to academic routines, such as schoolwork, physical education lessons, and field trips. Offering a nurturing educational setting that fosters social and intellectual development for kids is the aim.

Primary schooling in Vietnam lasts five years, from Grade 1 to Grade 5. During these years, students gain essential knowledge across various subjects. They acquire fundamental abilities in reading, writing, and math in addition to learning about the social and natural sciences. Moral and social values are also emphasized in primary education, which aids in pupils’ understanding of and interaction with their environment.

The caring environment of primary schools aims to enhance children’s entire development. Instructors encourage their pupils to explore their interests and to develop their communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills. Physical education and the arts—dance, music, and visual arts, in particular—have a significant influence on curricula through fostering creativity and physical fitness.

What is Secondary School?

Students between the ages of 11 and 16 proceed to secondary school, which is typically a larger establishment, after finishing elementary school. At eleven years old, students start secondary school, where they get education for four years, from grade six to grade nine. Students obtain a certificate of school graduation upon finishing secondary school.

A wide number of disciplines are covered in the secondary school curriculum, which expands on the knowledge acquired in primary school. In addition to studying foreign languages, students also study literature, math, science, and history. Basic technical and vocational education are also included in the program to help students get ready for college or the workforce.

Secondary school teachers who focus on particular areas are able to provide more in-depth instruction. They anticipate more accountability from their pupils in terms of their academic work and promote independent learning and critical thinking. This often means more homework and projects, requiring students to manage their time effectively.

With the increased task load comes pressure on both pupils and their parents. You need to remember that the general syllabus is not customized according to your family’s needs, and you are the one to decide how you handle it. Many students worldwide choose to address websites that help write papers to delegate some of the most urgent or complex assignments. This way, they are not frozen by procrastination that is caused by too many tasks on the academic to-do list and can study at peace, moving at a pace they can handle at the moment.

The setting of a secondary school is intended to support both intellectual and personal development. Although there is more discipline in the classroom and a greater workload, this helps kids get ready for college and life after graduation. Teachers help pupils acquire the foundational skills and information required to conform to societal norms and expectations.

Career awareness and vocational advice are other key components of secondary school, especially Vietnam international secondary school. In order to assist them make well-informed judgments about their future, students investigate a variety of occupations and acquire knowledge about numerous career routes. For pupils preparing for high school or career training, this advice is essential.

Primary School vs Secondary School: Key Differences

The differences between primary and secondary education must be understood by parents and students. With this comparison table, you can easily grasp the key distinctions when you prepare to go from elementary to secondary education.

Comparison Table

FactorPrimary SchoolSecondary School
Age Range6 to 11 years11 to 16 years
Grade LevelsGrades 1 to 5Grades 6 to 9
Class StructureOne main teacher for most subjectsDifferent teachers for each subject
Subjects TaughtBasic subjects: Maths, English, Science, etc.Wider range: Science, Maths, Languages, History, Tech, etc.
Learning ApproachTeacher-led with supportive evaluationEmphasis on independent learning and critical thinking
HomeworkMinimal, often guidedMore frequent and requires independent study
Exams and TestsLess frequent, focus on progress and understandingRegular tests, quizzes, and exams for each subject
Extracurricular ActivitiesLimited, mainly within the school hoursWide range, including sports, arts, technology, and clubs
Teaching MethodsMore hands-on and interactiveLecture-based with a focus on note-taking and self-study
Class SizeSmaller, more personalized attentionLarger, more diverse peer groups
AssessmentBased on participation and progressBased on exams, quizzes, and assignments
Teacher RoleSingle teacher manages most of the learningMany educators specializing in different subjects
Daily RoutineFixed schedule with less movement between classesStudents move between classes and manage their own schedules
Parental InvolvementHigh, with regular updates and involvement in activitiesModerate, focused more on student independence
Skill DevelopmentBasic literacy and numeracy, social skillsAdvanced academic skills, critical thinking, career awareness

In short, secondary school prioritizes independent learning, a diversified curriculum, and preparing students for postsecondary education and the workforce, whereas elementary school offers a nurturing, experiential learning environment with an emphasis on foundational skills.


Understanding the differences between primary school vs secondary school is crucial for supporting your child through this transition. It’s important to accept initial challenges such as messy handwriting or incomplete assignments. With serious investment in learning and parental support, children can confidently excel in their new academic environment. Pay attention to their psychological changes as they enter puberty, as this significantly impacts their personality and behavior. Engaging in open conversations about friendships and school can help alleviate their worries and boost their confidence.

For a seamless transition from primary school to secondary school, consider ISHCMC, one of the top international schools in Vietnam offering comprehensive education for both levels. At ISHCMC, we make sure that every student has a seamless and encouraging change that meets their individual needs. Find out more about how ISHCMC can support your child’s success at every level of their educational path. And help them navigate the differences between primary school vs secondary school effectively.

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The Home Renovator’s Checklist: What You Need to Know Before Starting



Home Renovator

Undertaking a home renovation is an exciting yet challenging task. It promises a refreshed living space that caters to your needs and tastes. However, preparing for a renovation involves more than just settling on a new paint color or choosing kitchen cabinets.

It requires careful planning, budgeting, and an understanding of the project’s scope. Hiring a home renovator can help make the process smoother and more efficient. Consider key aspects before starting to ensure a smooth and rewarding renovation journey. Read on!

Setting Goals and Priorities

Before diving into a home renovation, it’s crucial to identify what you hope to achieve. Are you looking to increase the resale value of your home? Or do you want to create a more functional living space for your family?

Clarifying your goals will help guide your decisions throughout the renovation. Once you have a clear vision, prioritize the tasks.

Determine which areas of your home require immediate attention and which can be addressed later. This approach helps manage the project’s scope and stay within budget.

Budgeting Wisely

One of the most critical aspects of home renovation is budgeting. It’s essential to establish a realistic budget that covers all the anticipated expenses. Start by getting estimates from contractors and comparing prices of materials.

Don’t forget to include costs for permits and any unexpected expenses that might arise. While it’s tempting to opt for the lowest quotes, ensure that the quality of work is not compromised. Good budgeting also means setting aside a contingency fund, typically 10-20% of the total budget, to cover unforeseen issues.

Research and Planning

Research plays a pivotal role in a successful renovation. Spend time gathering information about the latest trends, materials, and designs. Visit showrooms, browse through magazines, and consult with professionals like Wake Remodeling.

Planning involves drafting a detailed timeline of the project. Establish milestones and set deadlines for different phases of the renovation.

Creating a well-thought-out plan helps in maintaining the project’s flow and avoiding delays. Share the timeline with your contractor to ensure everyone is on the same page.

Hiring a Home Renovator

Choosing the right contractor or team of professionals can make or break your renovation project. Look for contractors with good reputations, proven track records, and necessary certifications. Ask for referrals from friends or family members and read online reviews.

It’s important to check their previous work and verify their credentials. Shortlist potential candidates. Get written estimates and interview them to gauge their understanding of your vision.

Establish clear communication channels with your contractor. This can avoid misunderstandings and ensure a smooth workflow.

Permits and Legalities

Depending on the scale of your renovation, you may require permits from local authorities. Neglecting to acquire required permits may result in legal entanglements and substantial fines. Check with your local municipality to determine which permits are needed for your project.

This may include the following:

  • building permits
  • electrical permits
  • plumbing permits

Your contractor can assist in acquiring these permits. However, it’s your responsibility to ensure that all legal requirements are met. Complying with local regulations helps avoid potential issues in the future.

Materials and Quality

Selecting the right materials is critical for the durability and aesthetic appeal of your renovation. Quality should never be compromised, as it affects the longevity of your home improvements. Research different types of materials and compare their pros and cons.

Consider factors such as durability, maintenance, and cost. Opt for eco-friendly materials if you want to reduce your environmental footprint.

The choice of materials should align with your overall vision and budget. Your contractor can provide valuable insights into the best materials for your project.

Timeline and Flexibility

While it’s important to have a detailed timeline, be prepared for changes. Renovation projects often encounter unexpected delays due to various factors, such as:

  • weather
  • supply chain issues
  • unforeseen structural problems

Flexibility is key to managing these challenges. Keep an open line of communication with your contractor and be proactive in addressing any issues that arise.

Regularly review the progress and adjust the timeline as necessary. Staying adaptable ensures that the project moves forward without unnecessary stress.

Living Arrangements

During a renovation, your home will turn into a construction site. Depending on the extent of the renovation, you may need to make alternate living arrangements. Consider the impact on your daily routine and plan accordingly.

If you decide to stay at home, designate specific areas as construction zones to minimize disruption. Ensure that these zones are safe and secure, especially if you have children or pets.

If the renovation is extensive, it might be more practical to temporarily move out. This allows the contractors to work more efficiently and reduces the inconvenience for you and your family.


Effective communication is the backbone of any successful renovation project. Establish regular meetings with your contractor. Discuss progress, address concerns, and make decisions.

Be clear about your expectations and provide feedback promptly. Maintaining an open dialogue helps in resolving issues quickly and keeps the project on track. Document all agreements and changes in writing to avoid disputes later on.

Good communication fosters a collaborative environment. This helps everyone work towards the common goal of completing the renovation to your satisfaction.

Final Inspection and Handover

As the renovation nears completion, conduct a thorough inspection of the work. Check that all the tasks have been completed to your satisfaction and that there are no outstanding issues. Pay attention to details like finishes, fittings, and overall craftsmanship.

If you notice any deficiencies, address them with your contractor and ensure they are rectified before the final handover. Once you are satisfied with the work, complete the formal handover process. This includes getting all necessary documentation, warranties and permits for the completed work.

Discover the Ultimate Home Renovation Checklist

Starting a home renovation is a significant undertaking. It requires careful planning, budgeting, and execution. By setting clear goals and hiring a reliable home renovator, you confidently navigate renovation challenges. Effective communication, flexibility, and attention to detail are key to a successful project.

Remember, a well-executed renovation not only enhances your living space but also adds value to your home. Embrace the process with patience and enthusiasm. Lastly, look forward to enjoying the fruits of your labor in your beautifully renovated home.

For more on this content, visit the rest of our blog!

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Navigating the Process of Filing a Claim of Lien



Claim of Lien

Filing a claim of lien can be crucial for protecting your rights. This ensures you get paid for your work or materials. This process can be complex, but with the right information, it becomes manageable.

Knowing the steps and deadlines is vital. Missing a deadline can mean losing your lien rights. Understanding the paperwork is also key. Incorrect forms can delay your claim.

This guide will help you navigate the process with ease. Whether you’re a contractor or supplier, we’ll provide clear and simple instructions. Protect your investment by filing your claim of lien correctly.

Understand What a Claim of Lien Is

A claim of lien is a legal document. It states that you are owed money for work or materials. This document gives you a legal right to collect that money.

Filing a claim of lien ensures you can seek payment. If you are not paid, you can go to court. The court can help you get the money you are owed.

Knowing what a claim of lien is can protect your rights. It is important to act quickly. Filing a claim on time is crucial to your success.

Know When to File a Lien

Timing is vital when you consider filing a lien. You need to file a lien as soon as you realize there may be a payment issue. Don’t wait until the last minute because deadlines are strict.

For contractors, the clock starts when the work is completed. Suppliers must file a lien after delivering materials. Missing these deadlines might mean you lose your right to collect what is owed.

It is also important to file a lien if partial payments are not being made. Keeping track of payments helps you know when to file. Always protect your financial interests by staying informed.

Gather Necessary Information

Before filing a claim of lien, gather all relevant information first. Start with the basics like the project name and address. Make sure you also have the names of the owner and contractor.

Next, collect details about the work or materials provided. Be specific about dates, quantities, and descriptions. Accurate records make your claim stronger.

Lastly, see if there are any outstanding invoices or payment agreements. Document any communication related to payment issues. This will support your claim and increase your chances of success.

Check State Laws

State laws vary when it comes to filing a claim of lien. It is important to know the specific rules in your state. Researching state laws will help you avoid mistakes.

Each state has its own deadlines for filing a lien. Some states might give you 90 days, while others give you less time. Always check your state’s rules to ensure you file on time.

State laws also dictate what information must be included in a lien. Make sure your claim has all the required details. Missing information can lead to rejection of your claim.

Provide Notice of Intent

Before you file a lien, you often need to send a Notice of Intent. This document tells the property owner and contractor that you plan to file a lien if you’re not paid. It’s like a warning that gives them one last chance to settle the debt.

Sending a Notice of Intent can sometimes prompt payment. Property owners may pay to avoid a lien on their property. Contractors might also settle to keep their reputation intact.

Make sure you send the Notice of Intent within the required time frame. Check your state laws for specific requirements. Always keep a copy of the notice for your records.

Fill Out the Lien Form

Filling out the lien form is an important step. First, make sure you have all the information needed. Double-check names, addresses, and details about the work done.

Next, decide if you are filing a general lien or a specific lien. A general lien covers all of your work, while a specific lien applies to one part. Choose the right form for your situation.

Finish by reviewing your form for errors. Make sure everything is correct and complete. Any mistake can delay your claim and make it harder to get paid.

File the Lien with the County Recorder

Filing the lien with the county recorder is the final step. Take your completed lien form to the county recorder’s office. They will review the form and make sure it meets the state requirements.

Once accepted, the lien becomes part of the public record. This step is crucial because it legally notifies everyone of your claim. Having it on record helps protect your rights to get paid.

Make sure to ask for a copy of the filed lien. Keep this document safe with your other important records. This copy will be useful if you need to take further legal action.

Enforce the Lien if Necessary

If you still don’t get paid after filing the lien, you may need to enforce it. Enforcing the lien means taking legal action to get your money. You will likely need to hire a tax lien lawyer for this step.

Your attorney will help you file a lawsuit in court. The court will then decide if you are owed money. If you win, the court may order the sale of the property to pay you.

Enforcing a lien can be a lengthy process. It may take months or even years to resolve. However, it is a powerful tool to protect your rights and secure payment. Always consult a lawyer before taking this step.

Seal the Deal: Final Steps to Secure Your Payment

In conclusion, understanding and properly filing a claim of lien is essential for protecting your financial interests. By following the steps outlined in this guide and adhering to state laws, you can ensure your right to payment for your services or materials.

A correctly filed claim of lien holds significant power and can ultimately secure the compensation you deserve. Always stay informed and diligent to safeguard your investments and uphold your legal rights.

Did this article help you? If so, take a look at some of our other blog posts for more informative reads.

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Is HCIP very different from HCIE?



Hello, everyone. This is 59 Learning Network. Is HCIP very different from HCIE? I found that many people were very interested in this topic, so I planned to analyze the main differences between HCIP and HCIE in detail from the aspects of grade, test difficulty, gold content, test cost, self-study ability and so on.

Is HCIP and HCIE very different

1、 Different grades

HCIP is Huawei Certified ICT Professional. HCIE, an abbreviation of Huawei Certified ICT Expert, is a certified ICT expert of Huawei, representing the highest level of ICT technology certification in Huawei’s certification system, and indicating that the certified person has expertise and rich practical experience in the ICT field.

2、 Different test difficulty

The HCIP exam is written and lasts for 90 minutes. The exam is relatively simple. One month’s use of Huawei’s question bank is enough. In addition to the written examination, HCIE also has an 8-hour experiment exam, which includes two parts: operation questions and discussion questions. For a huge comprehensive experiment, the administrator of the intermediate examination room will provide you with a box lunch. The examination is very difficult. Generally, experts in their 30s will go to take the examination.

3、 Different gold content

Of course, the gold content is the highest in HCIE. Fresh graduates can easily get an offer to enter the network industry by using the HCIE certificate. Junior engineers who have worked but not much experience can rely on it to raise their salaries (most companies have raised their salaries by taking the HCIE exam), or change jobs for higher salaries. HCIP is an intermediate certificate with a lower gold content than HCIE, which is suitable for candidates with less work experience.

4、 Different exam cost

After the HCIE test, it will cost about 20000 yuan for training and examination. HCIP does not require training, and the cost is 2000 to 3000 yuan. The cost of HCIP training and examination is about 6000 to 7000 yuan. Learn more (How much is the registration fee for Huawei certification?)

5、Can HCIP and HCIE choose to study on their own?

HCIP can be learned by oneself and then verified by brushing the questions. HCIE can also learn on its own, but the probability of passing the exam is very small, because the HCIE exam is very difficult and requires a lot of theoretical knowledge and practical ability. I suggest signing up for HCIE training, not only to quickly master important knowledge points, but also to better practice equipment (at present, the new version of HCIE experiments must require the use of real machine equipment). With the assistance of training institutions, it can help candidates greatly improve the probability of passing the HCIE exam.

How should choose HCIP or HCIE ?

Differ from man to man. Students with less project experience and work experience are recommended to take the HCIP exam first. If they have many years of industry experience (more than 5 years of industry related experience is officially recommended), they are recommended to take the HCIE exam. The certificate is just a stepping stone. If you have rich experience in projects, have been exposed to large-scale projects, and have passed HCIE, you will naturally be an industry expert.

spoto Practice Exam

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